September 29, 2015
The Center for Strategic Studies at the University of Jordan issued the first issue of the center’s papers under the title “Developments of the Internal Scene of the Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan,” by Dr. Rahil Gharaibeh. The study documented the beginning stages of the emergence of the Muslim Brotherhood and the group’s path since its inception in Jordan, pointing to the development of the group’s relationship with the state starting with the 1956 elections, in which the group won four seats at the time, passing through the events of the seventies and the Palestinian national action, reaching the peak of successes in Parliament in 1989. She emphasized that the group was able at some point to adapt to the general situation, preserve itself and participate in the political and social life of the country, but after that it witnessed developments that led to division through the emergence of two projects within the group, one of which is the project of the Palestinian cause and the other the national political project. Description of Dr. Gharaibeh. Dr. Gharaibeh was surprised in his study that the movement’s leadership abandoned the constitutional monarchy initiative after it had been adopted, and then abandoned the political report. He also deplored the position of the group’s leadership on the Zamzam initiative, describing it as an unwise position towards an initiative aimed at getting out of the box of disagreement and contention in search of a practical outlet to rearrange the group’s situation and address systematic errors. The study mentioned five possibilities for the movement to get out of it, most notably: that the leadership reevaluate the scene scientifically and objectively and stop demonizing the legal correction step. As for the second possibility; It is represented by the insistence of the leadership of the group to reject the step of correction and adhere to its old form towards a long-term conflict with the legal group. With regard to the third possibility, from Dr. Gharaibeh’s viewpoint, the leadership would resolve itself and leave the members the freedom to choose individually, or, in a fourth option, it would form another organizational framework and take official approvals under a new name. As for the fifth possibility, it will turn to the Islamic Action Front as a legitimate legal interface for practicing political activity. Dr. Gharaibeh expects, through the study, that the controversy will continue for a few years, but he confirms that the matter will settle on the existence of the legal group, but he offers a few tips for the movement by calling the group to move towards legal framing, ensuring that the group is a Jordanian national body, and moving towards full publicity. And the practical separation between the advocacy and the political tracks and the wide openness to all the political and societal spectrums and the declaration of standing in front of the ideas of extremism and violence clearly and solidly, and working to achieve the Jordanian national project and uniting the people with all its components. It is mentioned that the first issue of the papers is a lecture by Dr. Rahil Gharaibeh, one of the leaders of the group and the owner of the Zamzam initiative, which he gave at the center and was presented to her by Dr. Musa Shteiwi, director of the Center for Strategic Studies.