October 08, 2019

Globally, Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) - which include cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases and cancers - represent the leading cause of deaths. Sixty-three per cent (63%) of deaths are attributable to NCDs, with low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) bearing 86% of the burden of these premature deaths.

Most of the NCDs-attributable premature deaths are preventable by addressing NCDs risk factors, which include tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and the harmful use of alcoho. Cost-effective interventions to reduce impact of NCDs are widely available, and their implementation can avert millions premature death and prevent economic losses, which have been estimate to account for USD 7 trillion over the timeframe 2015-2030.

 

In line with the global trends, Jordan is increasingly affected by a significant epidemiological transition towards NCDs, which accounts for 76% of deaths and represent the leading cause of mortality and morbidity among Jordanians. Namely, cardiovascular diseases have been estimated as the leading cause of mortality (35%), followed by cancers (15%), diabetes (7%), and chronic respiratory diseases (3%).

The survey flow consists of:

         Step 1 and Step 2, which will be conducted at the first visit to participants;

         Step 3, which will be conducted in the morning following the interview in the household.

         Up to 2 visits to the selected household will be made in order to collected the blood and urine sample.